Statue 765 former Turkish Penal Code distinguished the crimes of defamation and cursing. Different articles defined those two crimes. The new Penal Code that entered into force in June 2005 removed the distinction merging the two in one article. Defamation and cursing had been described in detail in articles 480 and 490 of the former law. The new law included these offences under the heading of Crimes against Dignity as defamation under articles 125 and 131.